This website is for Healthcare Professionals only

I certify that I am a healthcare professional.

I am a Healthcare Professional I am NOT a Healthcare Professional

What is ADHD?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a treatable medical condition affecting approximately 6 million children (11%) nationwide.

ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Some people call it ADD, but ADHD is the correct name for it. There are 3 core symptoms of ADHD:

  • Inattention
  • Impulsivity
  • Hyperactivity

Any child can have moments of being inattentive, impulsive, or hyperactive. Children with ADHD, however, experience combinations of these symptoms repeatedly and in a way that is severe enough to have an impact at home, school, or in social situations. Behaviors exhibited by a child with ADHD may not seem appropriate for his or her age.

Father and son looking on a tablet together at home
Teacher writing in a girl's notebook at school
Boy playing soccer with friends after school

For a doctor to diagnose and treat ADHD, a persistent pattern of symptoms (6 or more symptoms of inattentiveness and 6 or more symptoms of hyperactivity or impulsivity) must be present for at least 6 months in 2 or more settings (eg, home, school, with friends), and clearly interfere with social and academic functioning. In addition, symptoms must have been present before the age of 12 and not be better explained by another mental illness.


Symptoms of ADHD in children

The following are examples of how the 3 core symptoms of ADHD may appear in children.

Symptoms of Inattention
1. Often has poor attention to detail/makes careless mistakes
Example: Has difficulty on written tests or problem solving; repeats the same mistakes on similar assignments.
2. Often unable to maintain attention
Example: Difficulty remaining focused during classroom lectures, conversations, or lengthy reading.
3. Often inattentive when being spoken to or when listening to others
Example: Loses focus when being spoken to directly, mind seems elsewhere even in the absence of any obvious distraction.
4. Often does not follow through on instructions
Example: Starts tasks quickly, but loses focus and is easily sidetracked.
5. Often has difficulty organizing tasks and activities
Example: Often has difficulty managing tasks or keeping materials in their proper order; has messy or disorganized work; and difficulty managing or completing tasks on a time schedule.
6. Often avoids tasks that involve a lot of mental effort
Example: Dislikes taking quizzes and tests; dislikes tasks like schoolwork and homework.
7. Often loses things required for activities
Example: Forgets homework assignments, books, notes from teachers; loses personal items: backpack, books, mobile phone and schoolwork.
8. Often easily distracted by external events
Example: Inability to focus due to the activities of other children; distracted by environmental sounds such as conversations, television, mobile device alerts.
9. Often forgetful in daily activities
Example: Frequently forgets routine activities, chores or errands.
Symptoms of Hyperactivity and Impulsivity
1. Often fidgets/squirms
Example: Constant and impulsive movement; fidgeting, hand and foot tapping, and squirming in seat.
2. Often has difficulty staying seated
Example: Inability to sit at desk or work area in situations that typically require one to remain seated.
3. Often runs or climbs in inappropriate situations
Example: Frequently plays in places not designed for play, such as classrooms, cafeterias, common areas, waiting rooms, and areas of the home not intended for play.
4. Often has trouble working/playing quietly
Example: Frequently makes inappropriate outbursts during quiet times; unable to focus or sit still for duration of assignment.
5. Often "on the go" as if "driven by a motor"
Example: Impulsively driven, feels need to move around; unable to sit still comfortably for extended periods, such as class times, meals, or in public.
6. Often talks excessively
Example: Talks excessively to others and even to self at school and home, and distracting others.
7. Often blurts out
Example: Impulsively blurts out answers out of turn or before the question is completed; interrupts teachers and family members; completes other's sentences.
8. Often has difficulty waiting for turn
Example: Has difficulty waiting in lines or waiting for turn in activities in class, in public, or at home.
9. Often interrupts or intrudes on others
Example: Interrupts activities such as conversations and games; uses others' possessions without permission; intrudes on others' personal space, and private activities or conversations.

An ADHD diagnosis should be based on a complete history and only a doctor can accurately diagnose your child with ADHD. If you think your child has ADHD, schedule an appointment with your child's doctor, and download the Discussion Guide to make the most of the appointment.

Important Safety Information

Cotempla XR-ODT is a federally controlled substance (CII) because it can be abused or lead to dependence. Keep Cotempla XR-ODT in a safe place to protect it from theft. Selling or giving away your Cotempla XR-ODT may cause death or harm to others and is against the law.

Who should not take Cotempla XR-ODT?

Do not give Cotempla XR-ODT to your child if they are:
  • allergic to methylphenidate or any ingredients in Cotempla XR-ODT.
  • taking or has taken an anti-depression medicine called monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) within the past 14 days.

What is the most important information I should know about Cotempla XR-ODT?

Cotempla XR-ODT can cause serious side effects. Tell your healthcare provider about health conditions, including if your child:
  • has ever abused or been dependent on alcohol, prescription medicines, or street drugs. Cotempla XR-ODT has a high chance for abuse and can cause physical and psychological dependence.
  • has any heart problems, heart defects, high blood pressure, or a family history of these problems. This is important because sudden death has occurred in people with heart problems or defects. Increased blood pressure and heart rate have been reported. Your healthcare provider should check for heart problems prior to prescribing Cotempla XR-ODT and will check your child's blood pressure and heart rate regularly during treatment. Call the healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away if your child has any signs of heart problems such as chest pain, shortness of breath, or fainting while during treatment.
  • has mental problems, or a family history of suicide, bipolar illness, or depression. This is important because the following could occur: new or worse behavior and thought problems, new or worse bipolar illness, new psychotic symptoms (hearing voices, or seeing or believing things that are not real) or new manic symptoms. Call your healthcare provider right away if there are any new or worsening mental symptoms or problems during treatment.
  • develops painful and prolonged erections (priapism). Priapism has happened in males who take products that contain methylphenidate. Get medical help right away if your child develops priapism.
  • has circulation problems in fingers and toes (peripheral vasculopathy, including Raynaud's phenomenon). Fingers or toes may feel numb, cool, painful, and/or change color from pale, to blue, to red. Tell your healthcare provider if your child has numbness, pain, skin color change, or sensitivity to temperature in their fingers or toes. Call the healthcare provider right away if any signs of unexplained wounds appear on fingers or toes while taking Cotempla XR-ODT.
  • is having slowing of growth (height and weight). Your child should have his or her height and weight checked often while taking Cotempla XR-ODT. Treatment may be stopped if your child is not gaining weight or height.
  • is pregnant or plans to become pregnant. It is not known if Cotempla XR-ODT will harm the unborn baby. If your child becomes pregnant during treatment with Cotempla XR-ODT, talk to your healthcare provider about registering with the National Pregnancy Registry for Psychostimulants.
  • is breastfeeding, or plans to breastfeed. You and your healthcare provider should decide if your child will take Cotempla XR-ODT or breastfeed.
  • takes any medicines, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines (especially for depression, including MAOIs), vitamins, and herbal supplements. Cotempla XR-ODT and some medicines may interact with each other and cause serious side effects, or sometimes the dose of the other medicine will need to be adjusted.

Do not start any new medicine while taking Cotempla XR-ODT without talking to your healthcare provider first.

What should I avoid during treatment with Cotempla XR-ODT?
  • You should avoid drinking alcohol during treatment with Cotempla XR-ODT.
Common side effects of Cotempla XR-ODT include:

Decreased appetite, trouble sleeping, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, stomach pain, weight loss, anxiety, dizziness, irritability, mood swings, increased heart rate, and increased blood pressure.

These are not all the possible side effects of Cotempla XR-ODT. Call your healthcare provider for medical advice about side effects.

What is Cotempla XR-ODT?

Cotempla XR-ODT is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant prescription medicine used for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children 6 to 17 years of age. COTEMPLA XR-ODT is a federally controlled substance (CII) because it contains methylphenidate that can be a target for people who abuse prescription medicines or street drugs. Keep Cotempla XR-ODT in a safe place to protect it from theft. Selling or giving away your Cotempla XR-ODT may cause death or harm to others and is against the law.

For additional safety information, click here for Full Prescribing Information and Medication Guide and discuss with your healthcare provider

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Cotempla XR-ODT is a federally controlled substance (CII) because it can be abused or lead to dependence. Keep Cotempla XR-ODT in a safe place to protect it from theft. Selling or giving away your Cotempla XR-ODT may cause death or harm to others and is against the law.

Who should not take Cotempla XR-ODT?

Do not give Cotempla XR-ODT to your child if they are:
  • allergic to methylphenidate or any ingredients in Cotempla XR-ODT.
  • taking or has taken an anti-depression medicine called monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) within the past 14 days.

What is the most important information I should know about Cotempla XR-ODT?

Cotempla XR-ODT can cause serious side effects. Tell your healthcare provider about health conditions, including if your child:
  • has ever abused or been dependent on alcohol, prescription medicines, or street drugs. Cotempla XR-ODT has a high chance for abuse and can cause physical and psychological dependence.
  • has any heart problems, heart defects, high blood pressure, or a family history of these problems. This is important because sudden death has occurred in people with heart problems or defects. Increased blood pressure and heart rate have been reported. Your healthcare provider should check for heart problems prior to prescribing Cotempla XR-ODT and will check your child's blood pressure and heart rate regularly during treatment. Call the healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away if your child has any signs of heart problems such as chest pain, shortness of breath, or fainting while during treatment.
  • has mental problems, or a family history of suicide, bipolar illness, or depression. This is important because the following could occur: new or worse behavior and thought problems, new or worse bipolar illness, new psychotic symptoms (hearing voices, or seeing or believing things that are not real) or new manic symptoms. Call your healthcare provider right away if there are any new or worsening mental symptoms or problems during treatment.
  • develops painful and prolonged erections (priapism). Priapism has happened in males who take products that contain methylphenidate. Get medical help right away if your child develops priapism.
  • has circulation problems in fingers and toes (peripheral vasculopathy, including Raynaud's phenomenon). Fingers or toes may feel numb, cool, painful, and/or change color from pale, to blue, to red. Tell your healthcare provider if your child has numbness, pain, skin color change, or sensitivity to temperature in their fingers or toes. Call the healthcare provider right away if any signs of unexplained wounds appear on fingers or toes while taking Cotempla XR-ODT.
  • is having slowing of growth (height and weight). Your child should have his or her height and weight checked often while taking Cotempla XR-ODT. Treatment may be stopped if your child is not gaining weight or height.
  • is pregnant or plans to become pregnant. It is not known if Cotempla XR-ODT will harm the unborn baby. If your child becomes pregnant during treatment with Cotempla XR-ODT, talk to your healthcare provider about registering with the National Pregnancy Registry for Psychostimulants.
  • is breastfeeding, or plans to breastfeed. You and your healthcare provider should decide if your child will take Cotempla XR-ODT or breastfeed.
  • takes any medicines, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines (especially for depression, including MAOIs), vitamins, and herbal supplements. Cotempla XR-ODT and some medicines may interact with each other and cause serious side effects, or sometimes the dose of the other medicine will need to be adjusted.

Do not start any new medicine while taking Cotempla XR-ODT without talking to your healthcare provider first.

What should I avoid during treatment with Cotempla XR-ODT?
  • You should avoid drinking alcohol during treatment with Cotempla XR-ODT.
Common side effects of Cotempla XR-ODT include:

Decreased appetite, trouble sleeping, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, stomach pain, weight loss, anxiety, dizziness, irritability, mood swings, increased heart rate, and increased blood pressure.

These are not all the possible side effects of Cotempla XR-ODT. Call your healthcare provider for medical advice about side effects.

What is Cotempla XR-ODT?

Cotempla XR-ODT is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant prescription medicine used for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children 6 to 17 years of age. COTEMPLA XR-ODT is a federally controlled substance (CII) because it contains methylphenidate that can be a target for people who abuse prescription medicines or street drugs. Keep Cotempla XR-ODT in a safe place to protect it from theft. Selling or giving away your Cotempla XR-ODT may cause death or harm to others and is against the law.

For additional safety information, click here for Full Prescribing Information and Medication Guide and discuss with your healthcare provider

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088.